Teetulpa Goldfields Region Special Declared Area

On Thursday, 7 June 2018, the Minister for Energy and Mining published in the Government Gazette a Notice of Declaration of Exemption of Land (PDF).

The notice declares land within the Teetulpa Goldfields region to be a Special Declared Area (SDA) pursuant to section 9A of the Mining Act 1971 (Act).  The SDA has been declared for a period of 2 years.

The SDA is located approximately 115 km north-east of Peterborough, and covers an area of approximately 250 km2.

The declaration of the SDA prevents applications for new mining tenements over the relevant area, but does not impact tenements in force at the time the notice took effect.  The SDA does not, for example, prevent a person applying for a subsequent tenement on account of a right arising under a mining tenement in force as at 7 June 2018 (see in section 9A(4) of the Act).

A map showing the SDA can be downloaded from the South Australian Resources Information Gateway (SARIG).

East Iron Baron Special Declared Area

On Thursday 1 October 2015, the Minister for Mineral Resources and Energy published in the Government Gazette a Notice of Declaration of Exemption of Land (PDF, 68.9 KB).

The notice declares land within the Central Middleback Ranges to be a Special Declared Area (SDA) pursuant to section 9A of the Mining Act 1971 (Act). The SDA has been declared for a period of 2 years.

The SDA is east of Iron Baron, situated approximately 75 km southwest of Port Augusta, and covers an area of approximately 72 km2.

While the land is subject to the SDA, the Minister may call for applications for the grant of mining tenements over the area and determine the status and priority of any relevant applications.

On 10 December 2015 the Minister published a notice in the Government Gazette (PDF, 217.8 KB) and on this website calling for applications over the SDA. The Department will utilise the standard exploration release area (ERA) process to ensure all interested parties have an opportunity to make an application over the area.

The area will be open for application from Monday 7 March 2016 – Friday 11 March 2016 inclusive.

This process will allow interested parties to undertake an assessment of the available data to consider their interest in the SDA.

The South Australian government has value-added to the release of the SDA by:

  • releasing via open file all data from the SDA so that it is available to industry prior to calling for applications over the area; and
  • providing additional information on geology, mineral potential and available geoscientific datasets.

Applications will be assessed via the standard merit based assessment process as outlined in Minerals Regulatory Guideline MG17 - Guidelines: applying for mineral exploration release areas (ERAs) in South Australia (PDF 1.3MB).

A preset map showing the SDA can be downloaded from the South Australian Resources Information Geoserver (SARIG) - Download the preset map showing the SDA

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Relevant envelopes

The envelope numbers (ENVs) contain links to download the exploration licence envelope pdf files. The envelopes contain information related to the exploration activity for each former exploration licence. Note that the pdf files may also contain drill-hole, sampling and other data, accessible via the ‘paper clip’ within the pdf.

EL Sub ELs Licence holderENVs
266 BHP Company Ltd 2869 and 3154
398 Samedan of Australia Ltd 3292
537 Stockdale Prospecting Ltd 3643
965 Stockdale Prospecting Ltd 3643 and 5249
1193 Aberfoyle Exploration Pty Ltd 3643 and 5249
1581 Burmine Exploration Pty Ltd 8184
1735 Western Metals Copper Ltd 8520
1663 BHP Company Ltd 8338
  2109 BHP Company Ltd 9167
  2763 OneSteel Manufacturing Pty Limited 9167
  3516 OneSteel Manufacturing Pty Limited 9167
2228 Equinox Resources Ltd 9276
2909 –  Equinox Resources Ltd 9276
3236 Resource and Capital Management SA Pty Ltd 11132 and 11208

*ATRs up to the period ending 30 January 2010

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Geological context and mineral potential

The SDA is located east of the Middleback Ranges in the vicinity of the Iron Baron/Iron Prince mine.

The area is located within the North-Western sector of the Moonta Subdomain of the Gawler Craton. The Moonta Subdomain is a region of three packages of Paleoproterozoic to Mesoproterozoic stratigraphic sequences consisting of metasediment, and metavolcanics and their associated igneous intrusives. These packages include the lower stratigraphic package of Paleoproterozoic Myola Volcanics (Tip Top Granite, ~1775 Ma), and Broadview Schist (~1790 Ma), overlain by younger, Mesoproterozoic Moonabie Range Beds and McGregor Volcanics (~1750 Ma), in turn overlain by metasediment of the Wandearah Formation (~1720 Ma). The whole has been affected by faulting, and folding of the Kimban Orogeny (1730–1690 Ma), also the major mineralising event accompanying the Hiltaba Event (~1600–1590 Ma), intrusion of NW-trending dolerite dykes of the Gairdner Dyke Swarm (827 Ma), and re-activation of major N–S trending shears during the Tertiary.

Essentially the area of the SDA is located within an area of N–S trending major shears that appear to be part of a horsetail splay system being formed at the NE extension of the regionally significant dextral, transpressional Kalinjala Shear Zone. In particular the SDA area is located marginal to the major N–S trending (Moonabie)-Myola-Corunna Fault, and its offshoot, the Ash Reef Fault that together appear to control the distribution of the Myola Volcanics, and Broadview Schist. In the area of the SDA this fault separates Broadview Schist/Myola Volcanics to the east from Cooyerdoo Granite (~3150Ma) to the west.


Recent (unpublished) mapping by the Geological Survey of South Australia has determined the following geology.

  • Within the SDA outcrop is limited, with the surface geology dominated by Pleistocene sand plain deposits.
  • The basement stratigraphy comprises a sequence of Paleoproterozoic sediments, volcanics and intrusives.
  • The Myola Volcanics are a sequence of pink to grey porphyritic rhyolite interlayered with felsic and fine-grained quartz-feldspar-hornblende gneiss, and has a crystallisation age of ~1790 Ma.
  • The Broadview Schist is a sequence of fine-grained micaceous meta-sandstone, deposited after ~1795 Ma and contains basaltic to gabbroic intrusions. It is intruded by and interleaved with the Tip Top Granite, a medium to very coarse-grained quartz-potassium feldspar- plagioclase - muscovite ± tourmaline ± garnet granite with a crystallisation age of ~ 1775 Ma.
    This Paleoproterozoic sequence underwent low temperature metamorphism during the Kimban Orogeny (1730–1690 Ma), and contain a tectonic foliation steeply dipping to the NE and SW, occasionally observed folded by tight folds. Prominent NW trending fault scarps traverse the release area.
  • Reprocessed gravity imagery confirms the presence of 2 distinct linear NNW-trending anomalies presumably sourced from Myola Volcanics/Broadview Schist. Aeromagnetic imagery confirms strong, cross-cutting NW-trending magnetic anomalies presumably sourced by dolerite dykes of the Gairdner Dyke Swarm.

Mineral potential

Mineral potential of the SDA area includes the following:

  • Base and precious metals
    The area is located within a district considered prospective for IOCG-(U) type mineralisation, in particular shear-hosted deposit styles, more specifically at shear intersections. Past exploration in the immediate area has identified major NS-trending shears cut by NW-trending shears. Best example is the Moola prospect ~15 km south of the SDA. Ground reconnaissance by calcrete and soil geochemistry identified an association of anomalous Au-(Cu) with the interpreted shears. Drilling confirmed widespread, near-surface, low-grade Cu-(Au-Ag-Co) mineralisation. There is potential that these near-surface mineral occurrences may originate from re-mobilisation of metals from deep-seated IOCG type orebodies.
  • Diamonds
    The SDA area being located within a major craton and in a district with known significant crustal shears is potentially prospective for diamond bearing kimberlitic intrusions.

    Interest for diamonds in the district commenced in the early 1980s, when stream sediment sampling indicated a widespread distribution of ilmenite. Subsequently Stockdale Prospecting Ltd completed loam and stream sediment sampling in the mid 1980s (Envelopes 3643, 3492). The sampling included the area immediately north of the SDA. One grain of kimberlitic type garnet was confirmed. Ilmenite grains from alkali gabbros were probed and reported to be non-kimberlitic.
  • Uranium 
    Stockdale Prospecting Ltd with farm-in partner Mobil Energy Minerals Australia in the early 1980s completed a program of mapping, and chemical analysis of loam samples for uranium in the search for vein-(breccia) style mineralisation associated with felsic intrusives (Envelope 3463).

The presence of the Iron Baron to Whyalla railway, which traverses the area of the SDA, might be considered a favourable factor in the development of resources of industrial minerals, and/or construction materials.

  • Industrial minerals
    Two large NW-trending quartz veins are mapped within the SDA, in particular a south-western occurrence that appears to be intruded along a major fault, with the fault line appearing to continue for some distance beyond the southern and northern boundaries of the SDA. Within the SDA, this fault line is marked along its strike by zones of vein quartz, breccia, and granite. Similar vein quartz is mined for silica at the 23 Mile Quartz deposits (mindep # 3015, 9451) 15 km to the north.
  • Construction materials
    BHP Pty Ltd held a series of extractive mining leases (EMLs) in the mid 1970s adjacent to the railway line, and over areas of subcropping weathered metasediment of the Broadview Schist, presumably as a possible source of ballast and road base material, though no production was ever recorded (see mindep # 10610–612).
SDA locality

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